About

This section of the FAQ discusses common questions related to Tomcat development.

Questions

  1. Hacking

    1. How do I start hacking Tomcat in Eclipse?

  2. Debugging

    1. How do I configure Tomcat to support remote debugging?

    2. How do I remotely debug Tomcat using Eclipse?

    3. How do I remotely debug Tomcat using NetBeans?

  3. Other
    1. How do I change the monitoring interval for modified resources and application reloading?

    2. Official Eclipse IDE Web Tools FAQ for Tomcat

Answers

Hacking

How do I start hacking Tomcat in Eclipse?

Briefly:

$ svn checkout http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/tomcat/trunk
  (or whatever branch you want: clearly, this would be better
  to do directly from within Eclipse but it's easier to describe
  as a command)

$ cd trunk

$ echo "base.path=/path/to/where/tomcat/can/put/its/3rd-party/libs" > build.properties

$ ant ide-eclipse

Then, in Eclipse, go to Preferences | Java/Build Path/Classpath Variables and set the following variables:

ANT_HOME=path to your Ant install (where lib/ant.jar can be found)
TOMCAT_LIBS_BASE=[whatever you set base.path to above]

If you look in (project root)/res/ide-support/eclipse/java-compiler-errors-warnings.txt, you'll see a set of compiler warnings and import organization rules that you will have to set up manually in your project. If you set those up properly, you are more likely to submit cleaner patches.

A full explanation for Tomcat in Eclipse can be found here:

Debugging

How do I configure Tomcat to support remote debugging?

The short answer is to add the following options when the JVM is started:

-Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=8000,server=y,suspend=n

There are a number of ways you can do this depending on how you normally start Tomcat:

The port does not need to be set to 8000, it may be any value appropriate for your system.

Whilst this is very useful in development it should not be used in production because of both security and performance implications.

How do I remotely debug Tomcat using Eclipse?

This answer assumes that you have a project set up and have some idea of what you are doing in this respect. If not then that is really outside the scope of this topic and you need to go to eclipse.org and read up on how to use your IDE, and maybe practice a little bit before you come back to this. We are also going to assume that you have some idea of what a debugger is and how to use one.

Now go type the url to submit to your servlet or whatever in your browser. Boom you hit the breakpoint right? Have fun!

How do I remotely debug Tomcat using NetBeans?

This answer assumes that you know how to work with a NetBeans Project, and also how to use the NetBeans debugger. If not, please go to http://www.netbeans.org/kb/using-netbeans/40/debug.html and read up on how to use NetBeans and its debugger.

Starting with Tomcat trunk revision 1484409, the Tomcat source includes Ant tasks to configure your source directory as a NetBeans Free-Form Project. After you have successfully run Ant with the default build target (deploy), you can then run the ide-netbeans target. This task will configure your sandbox copy of Tomcat so the source can be inspected, maintained and debugged under the NetBeans IDE. You should follow the detailed instructions in the README.txt file that will have been installed in your new nbproject directory.

Make sure that Tomcat is started in debug mode as described above, that your application is deployed, and that the sources are all defined as resources in your application. If you have a servlet or JSP file, set a breakpoint where you think a problem might be occurring. Go to "Run->Attach Debugger". A dialog pops up to let you specify the following options:

When you press OK, you have a debugging connection very similar to local debugging.

Note that NetBeans has a second option -- you can debug JSP files and servlets locally using a Tomcat server that is bundled with the IDE. When you debug a JSP file or servlet in the IDE, the bundled Tomcat server automatically starts in debug mode, and the debugger connects to it.

The Tomcat NetBeans targets have not yet been back-ported to Tomcat 7. You can copy the files from your copy of the trunk and they should only require minimal editing of paths to work with older versions of Tomcat.

Other

How do I change the monitoring interval for modified resources and application reloading?

Monitoring interval for application reloading is controlled by the backgroundProcessorDelay property on Context element or on its parent containers: Host and Engine. See Tomcat Configuration Reference for details. By default there is a single background processing thread that is run by Engine. See its configuration for the default delay value.

Interval that controls reloading of the changed JSP pages is set in the Jasper configuration in web.xml.

Official Eclipse IDE Web Tools FAQ for Tomcat

Eclipse IDE has support for development of Web applications and running them on Apache Tomcat. This support is provided by Eclipse Web Tools Platform Project. An easy way to get Web Tools is to download "for Java EE Developers" edition of Eclipse IDE.

The Web Tools project has a FAQ page.


CategoryFAQ

FAQ/Developing (last edited 2014-11-20 01:26:04 by KonstantinKolinko)