A Cocoon block is a zipped archive, just like JARs and WARs.

The suggested extension of a cocoon block is ".cob" (for COcoon Block).

The suggested MIME type is "application/x-cocoon-block".

A Cocoon Block (COB from now on) includes a directory called


which contains all the block metadata, classes and jars. The directories

{{{ /COB-INF/classes

are used for classes and jar files. (This follows the WAR paradigm)

The main COB descriptor file is found at


This file contains markup with a cob-specific namespace and will include the following information:

What about "implements"?

The main COB configuration file (optional) is found at


and contains the configurations that are used by the components included in the block.

Block configuration at deployment time

Blocks will contain configurations written at block-release time but some information is deployment dependent. The block deployment descriptor contains a list of those parameters that are required to be entered at deployment time.

Since these configurations will be rather context-dependent tokens, these can be considered more as properties. An example of a descriptor could be:

{{{ <properties>

This needs to be synced with the block.xml discussion

then, these values will be accessible in the usual block.xconf using {name} style. For example {{{... <datasources>

</datasources> ...}}}

Exposed Services

A block exposes two types of services:

Accessing components

The block.xml descriptor includes the list of components which are exposed and made available by the block.

Blocks that depend on this block use the component role (as they normally did with block-less cocoon) and the component manager will load the appropriate component. Everything is done by the component manager and the block manager thru block.xml and wiring information.

What happens with role name conflicts?

Accessing resources

Following IoC practices, there isn't (and there should not be) a way for a block to directly access another block.

This means that one block doesn't know where the blocks it depends on are located, both on disk *and* on the URI space as well.

Blocks access the blocks they depend on through a block-specific protocols that is able to dereference the block instances thru wiring.

For example, the myblock.cob/sitemap.xmap file could contain a global matcher which works like this:

{{{ <map:match pattern="**/*.html">

please note the


which indicates

the block which implements it for this block (the block manager knows this)

block to produce that resource.

The above implies that all resources that a block provides are provided by its sitemap. There is no way for a block to access directly the content of another block.

Dereferencing navigation

Not only does a sitemap need to connect to the resources contained in the blocks it depends on, but the resulting pages as well.

For example, things like

   <form action="block:web-service:/post">...</form>

should be transformed into some accessible URL such as

   <form action="/servizio-web/post"/>...</form>

before being sent to the browser.

This is performed by a block-aware link transformer put right before the serializer.

BlocksDefinition (last edited 2009-09-20 23:39:56 by localhost)