Q: How does the bookmarks feature work?

A: You have a file, typically called bookmarks.xml, which contains definitions for a number of different portal events. When you use the portal-bookmark action, it decodes the parameters you have passed in for each event, and generates a URL which will create the events. An example: lets say you have two nested tab layouts, and you want to switch to the first tab on both of them and then pass a value to one of the coplets. You would create a bookmarks file like this:

    <event type="jxpath" id="top">
    <event type="jxpath" id="inner">

    <event type="jxpath" id="coplet1">

The significance of each part is:

<event type="jxpath" id="top"> Create a jxpath event (the only type you can create at the moment) with an id of top.

<targettype>layout</targettype> The target for the event is a layout (the other alternative is coplet).

<targetid>maintab</targetid>: The layout you are targeting is called maintab. This refers to an entry in your portal layout xml file:

<composite-layout name="toptab" id="maintab">
  <named-item name="navbar.home">
    <composite-layout name="leftnav" id="leftnav-home">

<path>aspectDatas/tab</path> set the value of the aspectDatas/tab property of the target layout (i.e. switch to that tab).

(Tab indexes for layouts are 0-based).

So you can use a URL like this:


The bookmark matcher looks like this:

    <map:match pattern="bookmark">
        <map:act type="auth-protect">
            <map:parameter name="handler" value="portalhandler"/> 
            <map:parameter name="application" value="portal"/> 

            <map:act type="portal-bookmark">
                    <map:parameter name="portal-name" value="portal" />
                    <map:redirect-to uri="portal?{uri}"/>

The URL is inspected by the portal-bookmark action, which creates a set of events which are available in the sitemap with the {uri} placeholder. So the matcher ends by redirecting to that URL.

Q: Great, but the URLs I have to use are still pretty big. Can I make it so that a url like app?id=123 will switch to the right page?

A: Well, you could use a matcher.

<!-- Handle app?id=123 by redirecting to a 
     bookmark URL which does the right thing -->
<map:match pattern="app">
  <map:redirect-to uri="bookmark?top=0&amp;inner=0&amp;coplet1={request-param:id}"/>

That does the trick, but of course your user then has to wait for the initial redirect to the bookmark url, then the redirect from that one to the portlet url.

Q: OK, so how do I make it so that app?id=123 just returns the page without needing the two redirects?

A: Here's one way - you handle it all in the sitemap, and just serve up the resulting page to the user.

<map:match pattern="app">
  <map:redirect-to uri="cocoon:/bookmark?top=0&amp;inner=0&amp;coplet1={request-param:id}"/>

Using that technique, the user is left with app?id=123 in the URL bar of their browser, which looks a bit nicer than the great big list of attributes that you get after the redirect.

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PortalEngineBookmarks (last edited 2009-09-20 23:40:08 by localhost)