Accessing the Network Server by using the DB2 Driver for JDBC
Note: IBM(R) no longer tests or supports the DB2(R) Driver for JDBC with Derby. See the IBM Cloudscape 10.1 Release notes for details on the replacement of the IBM DB2 Driver with Derby client and Changes in Cloudscape Availability and Support for details on IBM support of Cloudscape/Derby. Below are the instructions for using the DB2 Driver for applications still making the transition to Derby client.
You can use the IBM DB2 Driver for JDBC instead of the Derby network client driver to connect to the Network Server. Your application needs to load the driver and connection URL that is specific to the Network Server. In addition, you specify a user name and password. If you have not set up authentication, you can use any value for the user name and password. The driver that you use to access the Network Server is:
You must have the following two JAR files present in your classpath in order to use the DB2 Driver for JDBC:
The syntax of the URL that is required to access the Network Server is:
jdbc:derby:net://<server>[:<port>]/ <databaseName>[;<Derby URL attribute>=<value> [;...]] [:<Universal Driver attribute>=<value>; [...;]]
After you specify the database name and attributes, you can include attributes for the DB2 Driver for JDBC. You must include a semicolon after the last DB2 Driver for JDBC attribute.
The name of the machine where the server is running. It can be the name of the machine (for example, buffy) or the IP address, for example, 188.8.131.52.
Note: Unless the Network Server was started with the -h option or the derby.drda.host property set, this value must be localhost.
- The port that the server is listening to. The default is 1527.
The name of the database that you are connecting to. The database name can be a maximum of 18 characters. You must use quotation marks (") to include path information in the database name. Alternately, you can specify path information by setting the property derby.system.home in either the derby.properties file or in the JavaTM environment when you start the Network Server. See the Derby Developer's Guide for more information about defining the system home.
- derby URL attribute=value
Optional database connection URL attributes that are supported by Derby. See the Derby Developer's Guide for more information.
- Universal Driver Attribute=value
- Optional database connection URL attributes that are supported by the DB2 Driver for JDBC.
- The DB2 Driver for JDBC requires that you set the user and password attributes to non-null values. The following DB2 Driver for JDBC attributes are available to you when running the Network Server:
- User name (required by the DB2 Driver for JDBC).
- User password (required by the DB2 Driver for JDBC).
- The TCP/IP port number where the Network Server listens for connection requests to this data source. The default is 1527.
- Displays error messages from the server.
- Creates a read-only connection. The default is false.
- A character output stream. All logging and tracing messages print to the logWriter property.
- Specifies the granularity of tracing messages to the logWriter property.
- Provides an explicit file location for the trace output.
- Indicates what type of security mechanism is used.
- Controls when prepared statements are physically prepared in the database server. The default value is true.
DB2 Driver for JDBC System information
The Derby Network Server is compatible with the DB2 Driver for JDBC release 2.4 and higher.
DB2 Driver for JDBC examples
The examples show how to specify the server name, database, and the URL attributes. You must specify the user name and password attributes when you use the IBM DB2 Driver for JDBC.
The following example connects to the default server name localhost on the default port, 1527, and to the database sample. It specifies the URL attributes user, password, and retrieveMessagesFromServerOnGetMessage.
The following example specifies the attributes for both Derby and the DB2 Driver for JDBC:
This example connects to the default server name localhost on the default port, 1527, and includes the path in the database name portion of the URL. The database name must be delimited by double quotation marks, and you cannot specify Derby attributes on the URL.
The following is a sample program fragment that connects to the Network Server using the DB2 Driver for JDBC:
String databaseURL = "jdbc:derby:net://localhost:1527/sample"; // Load DB2 Driver for JDBC class Class.forName("com.ibm.db2.jcc.DB2Driver").newInstance(); // Set user and password properties Properties properties = new Properties(); properties.put("user", "APP"); properties.put("password", "APP"); properties.put("retreiveMessagesFromServerOnGetMessage", "true"); // Get a connection Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(databaseURL, properties);