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General tips & tricks in designing schemas.
Mapping databases to SolrBR Solr provides one table. Storing a set database tables in an index generally requires denormalizing some of the tables. Attempts to avoid denormalizing usually fail.
SortingBR There are two ways of sorting available in Solr 1.4: Lucene's sorting feature and function queries.
Lucene SortingBR The Solr sort parameter uses the Lucene sorting tool. This creates an array containing an entry for every document in the index. Sorting is then done against this array. This array is cached across requests and so repeated sorts are fast. If the field type is 'integer' the array contains only that value and thus is 4 bytes * the number of documents. If the field type is anything else, this integer array is created and then a separate array is also created with that field's data per entry. Sorting is also slower if the type is not an 'integer'.
However, range checks do not work on an 'integer' field. If you want range checks and fast sorting, you can create a pair of fields, one of each type, with a copyField directive:
<field name="popularity" type="sint" indexed="true" stored="true" multiValued="false"/> <field name="popularitySort" type="integer" indexed="true" stored="false" /> ... <copyField source="popularity" dest="popularitySort"/>
Note that since multiValued=false is the default for these types, attempting to store a value to 'popularitySort' will cause an indexing error, since it also always receives a value from 'popularity'. Also there is no reason to store both fields, and so 'popularitySort' is index-only.
There may be performance differences with this technique v.s. the Lucene sorting algorithm.
Alternative Text Search Field typesBR The "text" field type in the example schema.xml provides basic text search for English text. But, it has a surprise: the actual text given to this field is not indexed as-is, and therefore searching for the raw text may not work. If you store "To Be Or Not To Be" in a "text" field, none of these words will find this document, nor will the phrase in quotes.
Phrase searchBR If you want to have any phrase search work as well as individual words, you need to have two fields. Both should be processed similarly, but the phrase search field should not use "stemming" or "stopwords". Usually use can populate this field using the <copyField> directive.
PhonemesBR Programmers are perfect spellers and expect the same of their users. A phoneme represents (roughly) the sound of one syllable. Phoneme-based searching can give users a better search experience. To support misspelled search words Phoneme filters cause the index to store phoneme-base representations of the text instead of the input.
To create a phoneme-based field, you need a text filter stack that does not include stemming or stopwords, and add the solr.PhoneticFilterFactory (see [AnalyzersTokenizersTokenFilters]) with one of the available encoders. This must be in both the indexing and query stack. Of the several available the "Double Metaphone" filter is the most popular and does well with non-English text. There are as yet no language-specific phoneme encoders.
For another take on assisting spelling, see [SpellCheckComponent].