In the SpamAssassin "masses" directory, there's a tool called 'overlap', which is used to determine how much the rules in the ruleset overlap with each other.
For example, let's say I have a log file in spam.log, and want to examine how much the rules that start with T_DRUG overlap with each other. I run overlap like so:
./overlap spam.log > ov pcregrep "\sT_DRUG.*,T_DRUG" ov | sort -r +1 -n
Which in this case produces this output:
87 1.000 0.690 T_DRUGS_SLEEP_EREC,T_DRUGS_SLEEP 87 1.000 0.084 T_DRUGS_SLEEP_EREC,T_DRUGS_ERECTILE 703 1.000 0.679 T_DRUGS_ERECTILE_OBFU,T_DRUGS_ERECTILE 328 1.000 0.715 T_DRUGS_ANXIETY_EREC,T_DRUGS_ANXIETY 328 1.000 0.317 T_DRUGS_ANXIETY_EREC,T_DRUGS_ERECTILE 315 1.000 0.887 T_DRUGS_DIET_EREC,T_DRUGS_DIET 315 1.000 0.304 T_DRUGS_DIET_EREC,T_DRUGS_ERECTILE 311 1.000 0.523 T_DRUGS_PAIN_EREC,T_DRUGS_PAIN 311 1.000 0.300 T_DRUGS_PAIN_EREC,T_DRUGS_ERECTILE 289 1.000 0.630 T_DRUGS_ANXIETY_OBFU,T_DRUGS_ANXIETY
Explanation of the columns: the first number is how many mails hit both rules; the second, how much of the hits for the first rule also hit the second; the third, how much of the hits for the second rule also hit the first.
So in the case of this line:
87 1.000 0.690 T_DRUGS_SLEEP_EREC,T_DRUGS_SLEEP
87 mails hit both rules; all of the mails that hit T_DRUGS_SLEEP_EREC also hit T_DRUGS_SLEEP; and 69% of the mails that hit T_DRUGS_SLEEP also hit T_DRUGS_SLEEP_EREC.
Overlap is very useful, if you believe that some rules are all hitting the same spam messages.