There is a simple client API as part of the Solr repository: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/lucene/solr/tags/release-1.2.0/client/python/
Note: As of version 1.3, Solr no longer comes bundled with a Python client. The existing client was not sufficiently maintained or tested as development of Solr progressed, and committers felt that the code was not up to our usual high standards of release.
solrpy is available at The Python Package Index so you should be able to:
Or you can check out the source code and:
python setup.py install
There is a independent "pysolr" project available ... http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pysolr/
And Python Solr, And enhanced version of pysolr that supports pagination and batch operations.
Another independent Solr API, focused on easy of use in large scale production enviroments, clean and fast, still in development
Sunburnt is an actively-developed Solr library, both for inserting and querying documents. Its development has aimed particularly at making the Solr API accessible in a Pythonic style. Sunburnt is in active use on several internet-scale sites.
Using Solr's Python output
Solr has an optional Python response format that extends its JSON output in the following ways to allow the response to be safely eval'd by Python's interpreter:
- true and false changed to True and False
- Python unicode strings used where needed
- ASCII output (with unicode escapes) for less error-prone interoperability
- newlines escaped
- null changed to None
Here is a simple example of how one may query Solr using the Python response format:
from urllib2 import * conn = urlopen('http://localhost:8983/solr/select?q=iPod&wt=python') rsp = eval( conn.read() ) print "number of matches=", rsp['response']['numFound'] #print out the name field for each returned document for doc in rsp['response']['docs']: print 'name field =', doc['name']
With Python 2.6 you can use the literal_eval function instead of eval. This only evaluates "safe" syntax for the built-in data types and not any executable code:
import ast rsp = ast.literal_eval(conn.read())
Using normal JSON
Using eval is generally considered bad form and dangerous in Python. In theory if you trust the remote server it is okay, but if something goes wrong it means someone can run arbitrary code on your server (attacking eval is very easy).
It would be better to use a Python JSON library like simplejson. It would look like:
from urllib2 import * import simplejson conn = urlopen('http://localhost:8983/solr/select?q=iPod&wt=json') rsp = simplejson.load(conn) ...
Safer, and as you can see, easy.